Developing and validating multiple choice exam items elite speed dating ottawa
A multiple choice item consists of a problem, known as the stem, and a list of suggested solutions, known as alternatives. A stem that presents a definite problem allows a focus on the learning outcome.The alternatives consist of one correct or best alternative, which is the answer, and incorrect or inferior alternatives, known as distractors. A stem that does not present a clear problem, however, may test students’ ability to draw inferences from vague descriptions rather serving as a more direct test of students’ achievement of the learning outcome. Students often have difficulty understanding items with negative phrasing (Rodriguez 1997).
Since test items are the building blocks of any test, learning how to develop and validate test items has always been critical to the teaching-learning process.This book is intended for anyone who is seriously interested in designing and validating multiple-choice test items that measure understanding and the application of knowledge and skills to complex situations, such as critical thinking and problem solving.