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Their territory extended across the fertile lowland of what is now Salford and Stretford.Following the Roman conquest of Britain in the 1st century, General Agricola ordered the construction of a fort named Mamucium in the year 79 to ensure that Roman interests in Deva Victrix (Chester) and Eboracum (York) were protected from the Brigantes.For the wider metropolitan county, see Greater Manchester. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation.The local authority for the city is Manchester City Council.Manchester Liverpool Road railway station was the world's first inter-city passenger railway station; scientists first split the atom, developed the stored-program computer and produced graphene in the city. Both meanings are preserved in Insular Celtic languages, such as mam meaning "breast" in Irish and "mother" in Welsh.
Large quantities of machinery, including cotton processing plant, were exported around the world.This article is about the city of Manchester in England.For the larger conurbation, see Greater Manchester Built-up Area.Thomas de la Warre, lord of the manor, founded and constructed a collegiate church for the parish in 1421.
The church is now Manchester Cathedral; the domestic premises of the college house Chetham's School of Music and Chetham's Library.
Trade, and feeding the growing population, required a large transport and distribution infrastructure: the canal system was extended, and Manchester became one end of the world's first intercity passenger railway—the Liverpool and Manchester Railway.