Validating copyrighted scales
**: p PGI-I: Patient Global Impression of Improvement; IPSS: International Prostate Symptom Scores; IPSS Qo L: IPSS-Quality of Life (Qo L), BII – Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Impact Index; Qmax: peak urine flow rate; n: number of patients; SD: Standard Deviation.
PGI-I: Patient Global Impression of Improvement; IPSS: International Prostate Symptom Scores; IPSS Qo L: IPSS-Quality of Life (Qo L), BII – Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Impact Index; Qmax: peak urine flow rate; LUTS: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms; n: number of patients.
**: p and Wei Shen Lilly Research Laboratories, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA Competing interests All the authors are employees of Eli Lilly and Company, the manufacturer of Cialis®, a PDE5-inhibitor, which is approved in USA, EU and other geographies around the world for the treatment of ED, BPH-LUTS (signs and symptoms of BPH) and ED/BPH-LUTS.
We introduce the Pemberton Happiness Index (PHI), a new integrative measure of well-being in seven languages, detailing the validation process and presenting psychometric data.
We discuss the utility of this integrative index to explore well-being in individuals and communities.
Given the centrality of well-being in people’s lives, its measurement is not only a way to assess human feelings and psychological capabilities, but is also a central aspect of comprehensive models of psychological health.
These items were based on widely used scales (e.g., PANAS, Satisfaction With Life Scale, Subjective Happiness Scale, and Psychological Well-Being Scales).
Both the initial items and reference scales were translated into seven languages and completed via Internet by participants (N = 4,052) aged 16 to 60 years from nine countries (Germany, India, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, and USA).
SD: standard deviation; n: number of patients; PSA: Prostate-specific antigen; PVR: post-void residual urine volume; LUTS: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms; Asian: from the 2 studies conducted in Asia; Caucasian/Other race: from the 2 studies conducted outside Asia.
Values are from V1-V2, before enrolled into the single-blind placebo run in period.
Most current authors emphasize the existence of two ways to conceptualize well-being: hedonia and eudaimonia .